Category Archives: Rugged & Embedded

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

 

Communication is very essential part of our life may be between Human beings or between Human Beings and Machine (HMI). Similarly communication is also important between Machines. This communication means data transfer from one machine to other. There are various ways and means of doing it, it can be hardwired, Wi-Fi, GPRS, GSM etc.

Similarly in today’s Avionics world this communication between Machines or LRU’s plays a crucial role. This means of communication are via MIL 1553, ARINC 429 or ARINC 717

ARINC is Mark33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS),” also known as Aeronautical Radio INC. (ARINC) is the technical standard for the predominant avionics data bus used on most higher-end commercial and transport aircraft.It defines the physical and electrical interfaces of a two-wire data bus and a data protocol to support an aircraft’s avionics local area network.

For the Commercial Airlines these means of communication are via ARINC 429 or ARINC 717

ARINC 429 is the most widely used data bus standard for aviation. Electrical and data format characteristics are defined for a two-wire serial bus with one transmitter and up to 20 receivers. The bus is capable of operating at a speed of 100 kbit/s.

ARINC 717 defines the acquisition of flight data for recording
Below is visualization for some of the way various LRU’s communicate in Aircraft

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

In the above diagram the various LRU’s communicate with each other either through ARINC 429 or ARINC 717 viaWi-Fi

Commercial Off-the-Shelf

Multifunction I/O Boards

Multifunction I/O Boards : Distributed Sensor & Control I/O for Military Platforms

Typical Military platforms for Land, Sea or Air based deploys large numbers of sensors and heavily reliance on embedded electronics. With electronics sensing using MEMS miniatures fly by wire complex sensors and usage of electronic controlled actuators for controls IO towards replacing traditional mechanical driven system.

Electronics control system with higher performance and complex control system able to deliver today simple Automatic steering control to complete UAV/UGV control system.

Military platforms requires today’s demanding embedded system with lots of horse power processing for mission critical system.

Rise of Intelligence and Processing mission critical system

Military system designed and deployed around highly reliable COTS commercial off the shelf electronics architecture over a past two decade using open standard bus implementation. For harsh & rugged environment mission critical system, most widely bus architecture VME, VPX /open VPX, CPCI and PCI/PMC with SBC and IO sensor control sub systems.

Typical conventional Control system based on Processing engine using SBCs, Sensor interface IO and communication IO over VME, VPX /open VPX ,  CPCI, PCI/PMC  modular system. A submarine or large Navy Vessel requires few 10,000’s of IO system for various controls like electrical generation, propulsion, engine turbine and various other critical management control systems.

With increase in demand of processing and large numbers of sensors interfaces, rise of Intelligent IO with preprocessing, high density mix and match IO interfaces using COTS architecture.

Intelligent IO provide multifunction capability with mix and match for various functionality using FPGA design concept as well as processing power without SBCs.

Multifunction IO implementation using FPGA based design help wide range of functionality like A/D ,D/A, Digital I/O , Discrete I/O , PWM, Encoder , RTD /Temp sensors ,  Synchro /Resolver , Differential IO and Serial IOs.

Simultaneously add on communication function like MIL-STD1553, ARINC, CAN and Serial IO available  with protocol implementation using FPGA.

Besides executing the embedded application, also known in this case as the operational Flight Program (OFP), the sub system processing  has to manage and control all of the I/O interfaces with Built-in Test (BIT), a must in military embedded systems.

 

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Using Multifunction Intelligence IO customers eliminate the need to design custom board and data acquisition systems for most sense-and-response applications.

COTS designs incorporate an innovative mix of processors and FPGAs that perform complex and time-critical tasks such as motion control, process control, monitoring, data transfer, and Background Built-in-Test (BIT).

Distributed IO concept using Sensor Interface Unit ( SIU )  :

SIU

Moving to Distributed I/O 

For example, simple conventional design, the system requires an input function that can measure the position of the steering wheel (A/D, S/D or Encoder), measure the position of the drive wheel around the vertical axis (an­other A/D, S/D or Encoder), and a D/A or PWM to actually drive an actuator to turn the wheel.

Here main processor computer requires to implement a control loop to perform this function. This computing sub system connected by a number of cables which run from the sensors and actuators back to the main processor sub system with  I/O functions.

Now imag­ine a remote self-contained Distributed IO Sensor Interface Unit SIU, which similar all of the I/O functions needed to perform this task, as well as an Processing & intelligence. This Distributed IO SIU can be placed close to the sensors and actuators to implement the control loop necessary to perform the actual function. In this scenario, the main processor computer doesn’t need to implement a control loop, but would simply read the steering wheel position and only have to send a short message/ command to the remote Distributed IO SIU over redundant Gig E LAN.

This Distributed IO ap­proach allows to place I/O points very near the actual sensors, pre-process the data, and then send the reduced data back to the mission proces­sing. 

Major Advantage of Distributed IO is reduction in cable length. Cable lennth reduction help in reduction of weight of long mutli sensors cables and also in reduced noise pickup, wire losses, ground loop potentials, and in many cases significantly reduced EMI.

Commercial Off-the-Shelf

 

Challenges for Large Mission critical system: 

With large Mission critical system, few challenges over a decade customers looking forward to overcome,

  • To reduce overall size of electronics and save cost & space
  • To Lower power consumption to reduce heat and increase system reliability
  • To Access and manage all I/O data  with remote access using Ethernet /other VME , CPCI ,PCI Bus
  • To verify & perform critical Heath check at start up BIT Built in test , continuous operational Background test.
  • Sensor and Actuator cable break vs Sensor failure Detect /Verification.

With this above challenges, NAI introduced early this decade Multifunction IO with on board preprocessing FPGA design COTS architecture for VME, cPCI, VPX/open VPX, PCI and PMC for military system.

These “Intelligent” Multifunction IO boards provide another very important feature that minimizes system size and power (SWaP); the abil­ity to perform multiple functions on one Board. In the past, many boards were avail­able with 32 or 64 A/Ds or D/As, or discrete, as well as different types of communication func­tions (MIL-STD-1553, serial, ARINC429, CAN , etc.) and processing (SBCs). Also NAI have created multifunction VME, cPCI and VPX boards. These boards allow the system integrator to select from a large number of available functions, and incorporate smaller channel counts of many functions on one Module.

This is made possible through the ability of the base board FPGAs and processing to be programmed at final assembly to perform almost any task. For example, a single board can incorporate A/D, D/A, RTD, MIL-STD-1553, ARINC429 and discrete, just to name a few (dozens of different functions are available). 

Through the use of NAI’s products, designers reduced card count by 50%— cutting the costs, system size, weight, and power consumption ( SWaP ) of the system.

In addition, the extensive test and diagnostic capabilities of the multifunction intelligence IO concept improved system maintainability by making it possible to trace and identify signal interference faults, such as open lines( cable break /short )  and undefined range faults ( over range Sensor , Short Sensor etc. )  Level for identification and action. Power on Built in test with continuous Background Test (operation) upto IO card, module and / or channel level identification, hardware & software alert and action items.

Request for Quotation: Multi-function I/O Boards

Modular Non-volatile Solid State Recorders

Modular Non-volatile Solid State Recorder from CALCULEX!

CALCULEX designs and manufactures state-of-the-art electronics for military, aerospace and commercial markets. CALCULEX Modular Non-volatile Solid State Recorders (MONSSTR®) are used worldwide in mission-critical applications including the USAF F-15E and F-15C/D operational fleets and B-1 Laptop Controlled Targeting Pod. MONSSTR recorders are designed to record video with audio, MIL-STD-1553, PCM, serial, Ethernet, fiber channel and ECL signals. CALCULEX is certified AS9100B/ISO9001:2008.

The MONSSTR Model CSR-2300(V2) multi-purpose recorder has been chosen by the United States Air Force for the F-15C/D and F-15E fleets for recording both video and MIL-STD-1553 mission data. Additional interfaces such as PCM, UART, PULSE and Ethernet are also available. With capacity up to 256GB in a small, removable memory module, the CSR-2300(V2) is the optimum choice for any rough ride application. All data recordings comply with the IRIG 106 Chapter 10 standard co-authored by CALCULEX and the USAF.

Modular Non-volatile Solid State Recorders
Modular Non-volatile Solid State Recorders

Product Highlights:

  • Compact, Rugged, Multi-channel Recorder
  • FlashCache® III – 16GB to 256GB
  • 40MB/s Aggregate Record Data Rate
  • Four User Slots for Input/Output Cards Available Card Types:
  • 4 Ch Video with Audio
  • 4 or 8 Ch PCM/UART/PULSE
  • 4 or 8 Ch MIL-STD-1553
  • IRIG 106 Chapter 10 Data Packet Format for Software Data Reconstruction
  • Custom, Application Specific Data Processor Boards
  • Eight Discrete Inputs, Eight Outputs
  • Two Global Audio channels on controller
  • RGB, Composite and S-Video Output
  • Ethernet 10/100 Base T

ADVANCETECH is an authorized distributor of CALCULEX. For more information please visit : Data Recorders

PCI

PCI Local Bus

PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer. PCI is the initialism for Peripheral Component Interconnect and is[2] part of the PCI Local Bus standard. The PCI bus supports the functions found on a processor bus but in a standardized format that is independent of any particular processor’s native bus. Devices connected to the PCI bus appear to a bus master to be connected directly to its own bus and are assigned addresses in the processor’s address space.[3][page needed] It is a parallel bus, synchronous to a single bus clock.

PCI

CTM-5102 IRIG Time Code Reader/Generator PCI Module

CALCULEX produces a number of different PCI bus circuit boards that provide a variety of input and output capabilities. The CTM-5102 module is an IRIG time code reader/translator and synchronized generator.

The CTM-5102 has an internal 10MHz clock that is used to maintain a 100 nanosecond fine time counter. When presented with an external amplitude-modulated IRIG -A, -B or -G time code signal, the internal 10MHz clock is phase-locked to the external time code carrier. Upon loss of the external time code signal, the internal clock will flywheel until the external signal is reacquired.

The PCI bus interface on the CTM-5102 supports both initiator and target transfers. For initiator transfers, the module arbitrates for use of the PCI bus and when granted, performs single cycle or burst transfers as directed to the designated target addresses. For target transfers, the buffers on the CTM-5102 are mapped into the PCI bus address space and an external bus initiator performs either single cycle or burst accesses with the module.

ADVANCETECH is an authorized distributor for Calculex Inc.For more information, please visit:

http://advancetech.in/space-avionics/data-recorders/irig-time-code-generator

Centrifuge Systems for Aerospace & Military

Centrifuge Systems for Aerospace & Military!

Centrifuge Systems for Aerospace & Military
Centrifuge Systems for Aerospace & Military

Centrifuge Systems are designed to apply a large centrifugal force to a payload. While this can also be accomplished with a Single-Axis motion simulation table system, a centrifuge is typically required for applications with larger payloads, and/or higher G requirements.

Ideal Aerosmith manufactures a variety of single-axis motion systems capable of applying a controlled centrifugal force to a test article. ADVANCETECH is an authorized distributor for Ideal Aerosmith’s products.

For many smaller payloads, an Ideal Aerosmith single-axis table system with an optional safety enclosure, such as the 1621-200A, 1571 or 2001P Series, can be used for G force testing. For larger payloads, Ideal Aerosmith manufactures the 1068-1, 1068-2, 1077, 1221 and 1231 Series Centrifuge Systems. The combination of these systems cover of wide range of G testing requirements ranging from microelectronic devices up to 200 lbs, and from 1 to 1000 G’s.

Ideal’s centrifuge line can be used for aerospace, automotive, geo-technical and military applications, such as qualification testing of accelerometers, inertial packages, or safe-arming devices (fuzes).

Their expertise in this area derives not only from decades of experience building precise single-axis table systems, but also from the year 2000 purchase of the Genisco Technology and Trio-Tech International rate table and centrifuge line. Ideal offers service, support and upgrades for legacy Genisco and Trio-Tech centrifuges.

For more information, please visit http://advancetech.in/test-measurements/motion-simulation-test-systems/centrifuge-systems

COSA

Customized I/O boards with COSA technology

COSA

What is COSA ?
COSA stands for Custom-On-Standard Architecture™ (COSA™)
Smarter. Smaller. Faster
North Atlantic Inc’s Custom-On-Standard Architecture™ (COSA™) helps customers eliminate the need to design custom board and data acquisition systems for most sense-and-response applications.
COSA™-enabled designs integrate an innovative mix of processors and FPGAs that execute complex and time-critical tasks such as motion control, process control, monitoring, data transfer, and Background Built-in-Test (BIT). With all the benefits of COTS products, our modular and highly adaptive programmable architecture provides more intelligence and functionality in a smaller footprint— all at a lower cost.

Configure to Customize
COSA eliminates the requisite to design a custom board or data acquisition system. Highly configurable hardware enables faster system integration and fast-tracks deployment to SWaP-optimized systems in air, land, and sea applications.
Architected for Versatility
COSA offers more than 40 intelligent I/O, communication, and Ethernet switch functions, providing the highest packaging density and greatest flexibility in the industry.
Pre-existing, fully-tested functions can be integrated in an unlimited number of ways, quickly and easily.
One-Source Efficiencies
NAI is optimized to accelerate your time-to-mission with integrated design, manufacturing, assembly, and verification teams– all from one trusted source located in the USA.

About NAI :
North Atlantic Industries, founded in 1955, is a leading independent designer and manufacturer of embedded electronics and computing solutions. NAI is ISO9001:2008, AS9100: 2009 certified.
ADVANETECH is an authorized distributor of NAI in India. For more product information, please visit this page : http://advancetech.in/business-group/rugged-embedded