Category Archives: Education & Research

AIR TRAVEL – 04/10/17

first-flightGrowth in business and a countries GDP is often directly proportional to growth in air passenger traffic.

Domestic air passenger traffic in India grew by 21.6% in 2015-16 over 2014-15. So things must be going well!

This was probably the last thing the Wright Brothers envisaged when they made their first flight at Kitty Hawk in December 1903.

The basis of flight being an extension of the principle first framed by Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) – velocity/pressure.

The Brothers used carefully cambered surfaces to create better lift – cambered profiles providing better results than flat surfaces.

The cambering principles were first discussed scientifically by Sir George Cayley (1773–1857) a prolific British engineer.

The cambering principles were first set out in 1799 by Sir George,who later discovered the four key forces acting on a heavier than air flying vehicle – weight, lift, drag and thrust.

f100-rangeP.A.Hilton’s F100 range of nine modular experiments allows students to study the key principles effecting early flight such as Bernoulli’s principle, pressure, boundary layers, velocity, drag, flow visualization etc.

Sir-Frank-WhittleWhilst engines of differing types were fitted to flying machines almost from day one, it wasn’t until Sir Frank Whittle (1907-1996) patented the first jet engine in 1930 that our world suddenly shrank.

jet-engineThe high level principles of jet engine technology are easy enough to understand. Compress air and mix with fuel, ignite, allow hot gases to expand and release energy.

However, the reality of building these devices is far from simple.

f300-rangeThe P.A.Hilton F300 range allows students to study the principles of compressible fluids.

The F300 range of seven modular experiments covers key learning areas such as nozzle performance, pressure distribution, turbines, friction etc.

But the heart of the jet engine is its combustion chamber. Studying all aspects of combustion is key to the longevity and future development of these power units.

PA-c492-unitThe P.A.Hilton C492 units affords the students the opportunity to study combustion efficiency, heat transfer and energy balances.

The C492 is used by many University across the globe to teach the principles of combustion and in some cases being used to conduct research. http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/5/5/2098

Studying engine performance is key to the development of future power units. Environmental concerns relating to noise and air pollution have helped shape current and future engine designs, as well as increases in better power to weight ratios etc.

A full understanding of how engines perform to a set of pre-prescribed conditions is essential if the student is to fully understand this topic.

PA-P372-Jet

P.A.Hilton’s P372 Jet Propulsion Test stand offers the student a complete performance analysis at various approach speeds. Calculation of exhaust velocities, measurement of temperatures, thrust, specific thrust, drag and fuel consumption.

This unit ships complete with both ramjet and pulse jet.

pulse-jetramjet

PA Hilton’s Combustion Unit

Fuelling Our Future – Part One

Certainly for the short term we are stuck with traditional hydrocarbon based fuels. Scientists apply ever more complex solutions to gaining just a few more metres from every drop of precious fuel.

The dynamics of development make these incremental performance gains limited. Traffic growth and all this brings to society as a whole makes the need for transition to safer, long-term fuels more relevant that in any other time in man’s development.

The P.A.Hilton C492 Combustion Laboratory Unit continues to remain high with universities and technical colleges look to achieve first class teaching on mass and energy balance, flame stability, shape and radiation as well as comparisons of different fuels or fuel additives.

The gas burner enables the study of the combustion of mains natural gas or LPG (gas bottle). With the oil burner studies involving kerosene, gas oil or other clean light fuels such as bio-diesel can be achieved.

A paper published by the Department of Chemistry, The Petroleum Institute, UAE into Real-Time Study of Noxious Gas Emissions and Combustion Efficiency of Blended Mixtures of Neem Biodiesel and Petro diesel shows how this unit can be utilized.

More information about this study can be found at http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/5/5/2098

Key features of the P.A.Hilton C492 Combustion Laboratory Unit

  • Familiarisation of the adjustment and operation of a commercial oil or gas burner.
  • Assessment of a burner, including:
    C492-Combustion-Laboratory-Unit

    • Firing rate
    • Turndown range
    • Flame stability
    • Flame shape
    • Flame radiation
    • Smoke emission
  • Using either clean light boiler fuels, or natural gas or LPG
  • The effect of air/fuel ratio on:
    • Combustion efficiency as measured by flue gas constituents and temperature.
    • Heat transfer
    • Energy balance
  • Comparison of Flue Gas Analysis with theoretical predictions.
  • Comparison of Oil and Gas Burners.
    (With optional extra Burner)
  • Comparative performance of different fuels or fuel additives.

Fuelling Our Future – Part Two

Hydrogen-fuelled-carsWilliam-GoveHydrogen fuelled cars are big in California, due in part to their ‘hydrogen highway’. The state seized on the idea in 2003 and this dynamic idea was driven by the then newly elected Californian governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

The hydrogen fuel cell was the creation of William Gove who built the first working unit in 1842, using hydrogen gas to generate an electrical current.

The P.A Hilton Educational RE510 PEM Fuel Cell will provide an interesting experimental bench for instructing students on fuel cell science, technology and implementation.

Key features of the P.A.Hilton RE510 Educational PEM Fuel Cell

RE510-Educational-PEM-Fuel-Cell

  • Measurement of the current density and voltage-current characteristics of a fuel cell.
  • Measurement of power density from a fuel cell capable of up to 750W (1 HP) electrical output.
  • Measurement and investigation of fuel cell efficiency with reference to fuel and air consumption, power output and heat losses.
  • Measurement and display of key temperatures and fluid throughputs fuel stoichiometric and cooling circuits.
  • Measurement and investigation of reactant utilization and transport phenomena.

For more information about these or other products please contact

Advancetech Controls Pvt Limited,
B-Wing 401, 4th Floor, Universal Business Park,
Off, Chandivali Farm Road, Andheri(East), Mumbai-400072, India.
Tel: +91 -22 -67291000
Email: info@advancetech.in
Website: www.advancetech.in
TOLL FREE: 1-800 1212 515

STUDYING CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION BY OPERATION TRAINING PLANT

Studying Continuous Distillation By Operation Training Plant

STUDYING CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION BY OPERATION TRAINING PLANT

Distillation is the separation or partial separation of a liquid feed mixture into components or fractions by selective boiling (or evaporation) and condensation. Distillation is mainly characterized in two types, Continuous Distillation and Batch Distillation. Continuous distillation, a form of distillation, is an ongoing separation in which a mixture is continuously (without interruption) fed into the process and separated fractions are removed continuously as output streams. Whereas, batch distillation is, where the mixture is added to the unit at the start of the distillation, distillate fractions are taken out sequentially in time (one after another) during the distillation, and the remaining bottoms fraction is removed at the end.

Continuous Distillation is one of the most widely used separation technique in the Chemical Process Industry. The exhaustive scientific and practical knowledge of this process has been gained over the last few decades. Being an energy intensive process, the optimum operation of continuous distillation columns assumes considerable economic importance. Continuous distillation is used widely in the chemical process industries where large quantities of liquids have to be distilled. Such industries are the natural gas processing, petrochemical production, coal tar processing, liquor production, liquified air separation, hydrocarbon solvents production and similar industries, but it finds its widest application in petroleum refineries.

The advent of continuous processing in the chemical industries has brought with it a requirement for a much more stringent control of the process variables. In general, continuous processes are more sensitive to operating conditions than batch processes. In addition, because of their generally large size operations at other than optimum conditions, is costlier in plant returns, this further increases the requirement for close control.

Studying Continuous Distillation By Operation Training PlantPIGNAT’S Operation Training Plant for Continuous Distillation (OTP-DC) takes care of the control measures ensuring best results to the Chemical Process Industry. It is meant to:

  • Control the equipment and their components
  • Understand the process involved
  • Manage the plant runs and the possible trouble shooting
  • Communicate and manage

OTP-DC allows to work on industrial scale in various fields: chemical engineering, maintenance and control.

APPLICATIONS of OTP-DC

  • Distillation
  • Control
  • Supervision
  • Trouble Shooting
  • Servicing of the unit
  • Maintenance operations

OTP-DC Pilot offers more than a simple experience. They are an asset to your professional training by allowing to work on industrial scale in various fields; chemical engineering, maintenance, operation of a supervision system.

Supervised Controlled Distillation OTP-DC allows to:

Perform the different steps of an industrial scale distillation

Study of the different transient states.

INSTRUMENTATION:

  • 18 temperature sensors
  • A pressure dial gauge to control pressure at the outlet of the pump
  • 6 flow transmitter; vapour, feed, reflux, distillate, bottom product and cooling water
  • Pressure drop column
  • 3 level control transmitters
  • 2 pressure dial gauge
  • Monitoring and Data Acquisition- DCS Monitoring System (DELTAV)

CONTROL:

  • Flow rate; feed, reflux, distillate, bottom products and cooling water
  • Level: Reboiler, condenser
  • Dp: Heating
  • Temperature: feed preheating

PIGNAT SAS, are leaders in process engineering education material. Since 1960, Pignat is constantly creating new units, new educational materials from the industrial experience and the feedback from customers. This ability to innovate allows them to continuously improve existing equipment and their quality.

ADVANCETECH Control Pvt. Ltd. is the proud to represent, Pignat Range of product to Indian Academicians, and Process Industries. www.advancetech.in

Corporate Headquarters:

ADVANCETECH CONTROLS PVT LTD,

B-WING 401, UNIVERSAL BUSINESS PARK,
OFF CHANDIVALI FARM ROAD, ANDHERI (E),
MUMBAI, INDIA-470072
PHONE: +91 22 67291000
EMAIL: info@advancetech.in
WEB: www.advancetech.in

basic assembly skill

Companies Struggle to find Employees with Basic Assembly Skills

There was a time, not long ago, when employers could rely on new hires to possess rudimentary knowledge of basic assembly methods, schematic diagrams, and proper use of hand tools. These skills were the result of individuals who grew up maintaining their cars. Yet that way of life is largely a thing of the past, much to the dismay of employers. The current focus on advanced technologies and high-end skills is crucial and necessary, but you cannot overlook the need for basic skills, such as the ability to install bearings, lubricate machine slides, or align couplings.

basic assembly skill
Tightening a Fastener Using a Wrench and a Backup Wrench.

Production managers recognize that these skills are the foundation for a company’s economic and technological progress, and whatever advancements occur; basic assembly skills will remain invaluable to manufacturing. Thus, even in the age of technology, it is crucial to consider the importance of basic skills and identify any gaps in your workers’ training so that those needs can be addressed.

Building a skilled labor force is a powerful element of economic development.

Years of technology advancements have led to sophisticated manufacturing technology and yet basic skills remain as important as ever. Indeed, it’s important to remember that though advanced technologies require highly trained technicians, such technologies also necessitate more fundamental skills that must also be learned and practiced to gain proficiency. For example, though automobiles in this day and age are so advanced that most people can no longer perform routine maintenance, their construction would not be possible without basic assembly skills.

While designing and configuring automobiles’ sophisticated electronic systems requires highly trained technicians and engineers, the car’s components must still be mounted and its wiring harnesses properly routed to ensure that system failures do not occur.  For complex technologies to continue to evolve they are dependent on fundamental assembly skills, as general as understanding the importance of tightening the nut on a bolt and not the bolt’s head. No matter how well a company designs its products, improper assembly will lead to its premature failure once placed in service. So, though these skills are commonly referred to as “basic,” they cannot be taken lightly.

Take a hard look at your organization. Do your employees have the necessary skills to drive your business success forward? It is not uncommon, given the current pool of available workers, for production managers to find themselves with technicians who have advanced technical proficiency, but lack familiarity with the basics, such as how to properly torque the bolt pattern on a machine flange, how to route and connect wiring harnesses, or how to properly install pump systems. The importance of these basic skills cannot be overstated when something as small as a missing or improperly installed O-ring can result in a catastrophic machine failure.

Companies like Michelin, GE, DuPont, Northrop Grumman, and Hewlett-Packard, which greatly emphasize the technological side of manufacturing, still recognize the need to ensure a supply of workers with basic assembly skills to carry their companies into the future. To that end, many companies are increasingly incorporating assembly training programs into their own training centers, as well as supporting these programs in local educational institutions.

Earlier this year, GE Appliances in Louisville, KY and Amatrol, a provider of interactive technical learning, (ADVANCETECH is an authorized distributor of Amatrol in India) donated approximately $150,000 in equipment, curriculum, and training to two local high schools to promote career readiness in the area of manufacturing.

GE Appliances CEO and President Chip Blankenship recently said that GE Appliances has added 3,000 manufacturing jobs since 2010 and that finding, training, and keeping production employees is becoming increasingly difficult.

GE Amatrol Basic Skills
From Left: GE Appliances CEO Chip Blankenship, Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer, Jefferson County Public School Superintendent Donna Hargens, Jeffersontown High School Principal Matt Kingsley, and Amatrol CEO Paul Perkins During Donation Ceremony

Indeed, with basic skills training simply not widely available enough, various Fortune 500 company executives have frankly expressed concern about finding enough skilled assembly workers to fill their needs. Whatever advancements the future holds, production facilities will continue to need individuals who have a wide range of basic assembly skills and those individuals will always be indispensable. So, while the kid who learned such skills at home may be a thing of the past, the necessity of those skills is stronger than ever, despite ever-evolving technology.

About Amatrol

Amatrol is the world’s leader in skills-based, interactive technical learning. The company’s comprehensive learning solutions range from engaging high school students in the learning of basic science and math to teaching hands-on skills in the latest, highly sophisticated motor drives. The company’s interactivity, both in equipment and computer-based learning solutions, integrated with strong alignment to industry needs is what makes Amatrol the industry’s leading technical education provider.

For more information about How ADVANCETECH and Amatrol helps your company to shorten the gap between your employees and basic training skills, visit

www.advancetech.in

Call Us Now: 022 6729 1000

Toll Free: 1-800 1212 515

From the article, “Companies Struggle to find Employees with Basic Assembly Skills”: IMPO (Industrial Maintenance & Plant Operation)

Corrosion in Oil & Gas Production

Corrosion in Oil and Gas Industry, Nuclear Environment And Its Mitigation

According to NACE, The total annual cost of corrosion in the Oil and Gas Production Industry is estimated to be $1.372 billion, broken down into $589 million in surface pipeline and facility costs, $463 million annually in downhole tubing expenses, and another $320 million in capital expenditures related to corrosion.

The deterioration of a metal or its properties-attacks every component at every stage in the life of every oil and gas field. From casing string to production platforms, from drilling through to abandonment, corrosion is an adversary worthy of all the high technology and research we can throw at it.

Nuclear power plants have suffered various failures through corrosion since the 1970s, costing the industry billions of euros. By design, supposedly highly corrosion resistant alloys have been used, such as Ni-based alloys, stainless steels and Zr alloys. However, the field is rich with examples of corrosion failures of these alloys.

oil and gas industry

 

This massive cost to the sector can be minimized through a combination of effective corrosion management programs and by working with such testing experts as Element to:

  • Statutory or Corporate compliance with Safety, Health and Environmental policies
  • Reduction in leaks
  • Increased plant availability
  • Reduction in unplanned maintenance
  • Reduction in deferment costs

University Labs And Research Institutes

Scientists focusing on the oil & gas and steel industries are often interested in the corrosive effects of H2S and CO2 on carbon steels. They are using HIC testing, constant-load instruments, four-point bending frames and SSRT instruments, as well as autoclaves and re-circulation loops for this purpose. Controlled-flow instruments including rotating electrodes, jet-impingement instruments and high-speed loops are used to study flow-assisted corrosion and inhibitor performance.

University labs and research institutes use a wide range of Cormet testing equipment to provide corrosion testing for their clients. These customers often undertake the most sophisticated and advanced testing, which means that customising the testing equipment plays a key role. University labs and research institutes serve clients from a wide variety of different industries.

Nuclear Power Plant

The average age of existing nuclear power plants (NPPs) is constantly increasing while the number of new NPP constructions is still limited. In this circumstance, maintaining safety and performance of these ageing NPPs by effectively managing ageing degradations within an acceptable level becomes more and more important for Member States. Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is one of the significant ageing degradations for major components of both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) and is still an important technical issue.

Nuclear materials can experience many forms of corrosion. However, over the years, the nuclear industry has developed techniques to mitigate or minimize the consequences of all the various types of corrosion. During the last decade, the most relevant phenomena affecting the plant availability and the plant lifetime management include various forms of SCC (PWSCC, IASCCS and IGSCC) on the one hand and FAC on the other.

Conclusion

CORMET’s platform of India located, ADVANCETECH, testing laboratories have the right technical expertise, capabilities and accreditation to support the Oil & gas sector and Nuclear environments to help solve this immense corrosion challenge.

Our platform, backed by our CORMET team of internationally renowned, provides an extensive range of sour and sweet corrosion services and environmental simulations

These services include:

Nuclear Science Experiments

Nuclear Science Experiments with Digital Electronics For Teaching Laboratories

Nuclear Science Experiments

 

Nuclear Science Experiments

Tools for creating informative and highly productive Nuclear  laboratory experiences for your students. The Nuclear Science Experiments with Digital Electronics Laboratory Manual  offers turn-key solutions to set up your nuclear physics teaching facility with the newest and cutting-edge digital technology.  A set of 12 experiments, focusing on various aspects of gamma-ray detection and analysis, which provides an understanding of basic to more complex nuclear physics principles.

Nuclear Labkit

 

Click here to download the full manual “Nuclear Science Experiments with Digital Electronics”