All posts by ADVANCETECH

AIR TRAVEL – 04/10/17

first-flightGrowth in business and a countries GDP is often directly proportional to growth in air passenger traffic.

Domestic air passenger traffic in India grew by 21.6% in 2015-16 over 2014-15. So things must be going well!

This was probably the last thing the Wright Brothers envisaged when they made their first flight at Kitty Hawk in December 1903.

The basis of flight being an extension of the principle first framed by Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) – velocity/pressure.

The Brothers used carefully cambered surfaces to create better lift – cambered profiles providing better results than flat surfaces.

The cambering principles were first discussed scientifically by Sir George Cayley (1773–1857) a prolific British engineer.

The cambering principles were first set out in 1799 by Sir George,who later discovered the four key forces acting on a heavier than air flying vehicle – weight, lift, drag and thrust.

f100-rangeP.A.Hilton’s F100 range of nine modular experiments allows students to study the key principles effecting early flight such as Bernoulli’s principle, pressure, boundary layers, velocity, drag, flow visualization etc.

Sir-Frank-WhittleWhilst engines of differing types were fitted to flying machines almost from day one, it wasn’t until Sir Frank Whittle (1907-1996) patented the first jet engine in 1930 that our world suddenly shrank.

jet-engineThe high level principles of jet engine technology are easy enough to understand. Compress air and mix with fuel, ignite, allow hot gases to expand and release energy.

However, the reality of building these devices is far from simple.

f300-rangeThe P.A.Hilton F300 range allows students to study the principles of compressible fluids.

The F300 range of seven modular experiments covers key learning areas such as nozzle performance, pressure distribution, turbines, friction etc.

But the heart of the jet engine is its combustion chamber. Studying all aspects of combustion is key to the longevity and future development of these power units.

PA-c492-unitThe P.A.Hilton C492 units affords the students the opportunity to study combustion efficiency, heat transfer and energy balances.

The C492 is used by many University across the globe to teach the principles of combustion and in some cases being used to conduct research.

Studying engine performance is key to the development of future power units. Environmental concerns relating to noise and air pollution have helped shape current and future engine designs, as well as increases in better power to weight ratios etc.

A full understanding of how engines perform to a set of pre-prescribed conditions is essential if the student is to fully understand this topic.


P.A.Hilton’s P372 Jet Propulsion Test stand offers the student a complete performance analysis at various approach speeds. Calculation of exhaust velocities, measurement of temperatures, thrust, specific thrust, drag and fuel consumption.

This unit ships complete with both ramjet and pulse jet.


PA Hilton’s Combustion Unit

Fuelling Our Future – Part One

Certainly for the short term we are stuck with traditional hydrocarbon based fuels. Scientists apply ever more complex solutions to gaining just a few more metres from every drop of precious fuel.

The dynamics of development make these incremental performance gains limited. Traffic growth and all this brings to society as a whole makes the need for transition to safer, long-term fuels more relevant that in any other time in man’s development.

The P.A.Hilton C492 Combustion Laboratory Unit continues to remain high with universities and technical colleges look to achieve first class teaching on mass and energy balance, flame stability, shape and radiation as well as comparisons of different fuels or fuel additives.

The gas burner enables the study of the combustion of mains natural gas or LPG (gas bottle). With the oil burner studies involving kerosene, gas oil or other clean light fuels such as bio-diesel can be achieved.

A paper published by the Department of Chemistry, The Petroleum Institute, UAE into Real-Time Study of Noxious Gas Emissions and Combustion Efficiency of Blended Mixtures of Neem Biodiesel and Petro diesel shows how this unit can be utilized.

More information about this study can be found at

Key features of the P.A.Hilton C492 Combustion Laboratory Unit

  • Familiarisation of the adjustment and operation of a commercial oil or gas burner.
  • Assessment of a burner, including:

    • Firing rate
    • Turndown range
    • Flame stability
    • Flame shape
    • Flame radiation
    • Smoke emission
  • Using either clean light boiler fuels, or natural gas or LPG
  • The effect of air/fuel ratio on:
    • Combustion efficiency as measured by flue gas constituents and temperature.
    • Heat transfer
    • Energy balance
  • Comparison of Flue Gas Analysis with theoretical predictions.
  • Comparison of Oil and Gas Burners.
    (With optional extra Burner)
  • Comparative performance of different fuels or fuel additives.

Fuelling Our Future – Part Two

Hydrogen-fuelled-carsWilliam-GoveHydrogen fuelled cars are big in California, due in part to their ‘hydrogen highway’. The state seized on the idea in 2003 and this dynamic idea was driven by the then newly elected Californian governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

The hydrogen fuel cell was the creation of William Gove who built the first working unit in 1842, using hydrogen gas to generate an electrical current.

The P.A Hilton Educational RE510 PEM Fuel Cell will provide an interesting experimental bench for instructing students on fuel cell science, technology and implementation.

Key features of the P.A.Hilton RE510 Educational PEM Fuel Cell


  • Measurement of the current density and voltage-current characteristics of a fuel cell.
  • Measurement of power density from a fuel cell capable of up to 750W (1 HP) electrical output.
  • Measurement and investigation of fuel cell efficiency with reference to fuel and air consumption, power output and heat losses.
  • Measurement and display of key temperatures and fluid throughputs fuel stoichiometric and cooling circuits.
  • Measurement and investigation of reactant utilization and transport phenomena.

For more information about these or other products please contact

Advancetech Controls Pvt Limited,
B-Wing 401, 4th Floor, Universal Business Park,
Off, Chandivali Farm Road, Andheri(East), Mumbai-400072, India.
Tel: +91 -22 -67291000
TOLL FREE: 1-800 1212 515

Installing windows OS using USB disk drive

More and more laptops these days are being offered without optical drives. This, while making the laptop much thinner and less expensive, makes some of the traditional tasks that were performed using optical drives more difficult. One such task is installing an operating system. The lack of CD/DVD drive on the newer laptops is making the OS installation disks that came along with the laptops useless. But don’t throw away those CDs or DVDs just yet. You can transfer the contents of these disks onto a USB pen drive and use that to install the operating system.

Things you need:

Laptop/Desktop with CD/DVD drive running Windows XP or higher
USB pen drive of at least 4GB storage.
The Installation disks that came along with your laptop

The process:

  1. Plug in the USB pen drive and note down the drive letter (e.g. E:\)
  2. In the start menu, right click on the Command Prompt and select “Run as administrator”.
    Installing windows OS using USB disk drive
    This will open a new a new console window with administrator privilege.
  3. Once you are in the console window, type “diskpart” and hit enter. You should see the following window.
  4. Next, you need to identify the USB pen drive. Type “list disk” followed by enter key. You should see something like the picture below. Here, “Disk 1” having a capacity of 14 GB is our pen drive.image3
  5. Execute the following commands in the same order given below:
  6. After exiting the diskpart utility, insert the windows installation disk into the CD/DVD drive and execute the following commands from the prompt. Here the assumption is that your pen drive has the drive letter “E:” and CD drive has the drive letter “F:”
    >cd f:\boot
    >bootsect /nt60 e:
  7. Now simply copy the entire contents of the installation CD/DVD disk to the root of pen drive using windows explorer.
  8. The pen drive is now bootable and is ready install the operating system.
ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi


Communication is very essential part of our life may be between Human beings or between Human Beings and Machine (HMI). Similarly communication is also important between Machines. This communication means data transfer from one machine to other. There are various ways and means of doing it, it can be hardwired, Wi-Fi, GPRS, GSM etc.

Similarly in today’s Avionics world this communication between Machines or LRU’s plays a crucial role. This means of communication are via MIL 1553, ARINC 429 or ARINC 717

ARINC is Mark33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS),” also known as Aeronautical Radio INC. (ARINC) is the technical standard for the predominant avionics data bus used on most higher-end commercial and transport aircraft.It defines the physical and electrical interfaces of a two-wire data bus and a data protocol to support an aircraft’s avionics local area network.

For the Commercial Airlines these means of communication are via ARINC 429 or ARINC 717

ARINC 429 is the most widely used data bus standard for aviation. Electrical and data format characteristics are defined for a two-wire serial bus with one transmitter and up to 20 receivers. The bus is capable of operating at a speed of 100 kbit/s.

ARINC 717 defines the acquisition of flight data for recording
Below is visualization for some of the way various LRU’s communicate in Aircraft

ARINC Communication via Wi-Fi

In the above diagram the various LRU’s communicate with each other either through ARINC 429 or ARINC 717 viaWi-Fi


Studying Continuous Distillation By Operation Training Plant


Distillation is the separation or partial separation of a liquid feed mixture into components or fractions by selective boiling (or evaporation) and condensation. Distillation is mainly characterized in two types, Continuous Distillation and Batch Distillation. Continuous distillation, a form of distillation, is an ongoing separation in which a mixture is continuously (without interruption) fed into the process and separated fractions are removed continuously as output streams. Whereas, batch distillation is, where the mixture is added to the unit at the start of the distillation, distillate fractions are taken out sequentially in time (one after another) during the distillation, and the remaining bottoms fraction is removed at the end.

Continuous Distillation is one of the most widely used separation technique in the Chemical Process Industry. The exhaustive scientific and practical knowledge of this process has been gained over the last few decades. Being an energy intensive process, the optimum operation of continuous distillation columns assumes considerable economic importance. Continuous distillation is used widely in the chemical process industries where large quantities of liquids have to be distilled. Such industries are the natural gas processing, petrochemical production, coal tar processing, liquor production, liquified air separation, hydrocarbon solvents production and similar industries, but it finds its widest application in petroleum refineries.

The advent of continuous processing in the chemical industries has brought with it a requirement for a much more stringent control of the process variables. In general, continuous processes are more sensitive to operating conditions than batch processes. In addition, because of their generally large size operations at other than optimum conditions, is costlier in plant returns, this further increases the requirement for close control.

Studying Continuous Distillation By Operation Training PlantPIGNAT’S Operation Training Plant for Continuous Distillation (OTP-DC) takes care of the control measures ensuring best results to the Chemical Process Industry. It is meant to:

  • Control the equipment and their components
  • Understand the process involved
  • Manage the plant runs and the possible trouble shooting
  • Communicate and manage

OTP-DC allows to work on industrial scale in various fields: chemical engineering, maintenance and control.


  • Distillation
  • Control
  • Supervision
  • Trouble Shooting
  • Servicing of the unit
  • Maintenance operations

OTP-DC Pilot offers more than a simple experience. They are an asset to your professional training by allowing to work on industrial scale in various fields; chemical engineering, maintenance, operation of a supervision system.

Supervised Controlled Distillation OTP-DC allows to:

Perform the different steps of an industrial scale distillation

Study of the different transient states.


  • 18 temperature sensors
  • A pressure dial gauge to control pressure at the outlet of the pump
  • 6 flow transmitter; vapour, feed, reflux, distillate, bottom product and cooling water
  • Pressure drop column
  • 3 level control transmitters
  • 2 pressure dial gauge
  • Monitoring and Data Acquisition- DCS Monitoring System (DELTAV)


  • Flow rate; feed, reflux, distillate, bottom products and cooling water
  • Level: Reboiler, condenser
  • Dp: Heating
  • Temperature: feed preheating

PIGNAT SAS, are leaders in process engineering education material. Since 1960, Pignat is constantly creating new units, new educational materials from the industrial experience and the feedback from customers. This ability to innovate allows them to continuously improve existing equipment and their quality.

ADVANCETECH Control Pvt. Ltd. is the proud to represent, Pignat Range of product to Indian Academicians, and Process Industries.

Corporate Headquarters:


PHONE: +91 22 67291000

basic assembly skill

Companies Struggle to find Employees with Basic Assembly Skills

There was a time, not long ago, when employers could rely on new hires to possess rudimentary knowledge of basic assembly methods, schematic diagrams, and proper use of hand tools. These skills were the result of individuals who grew up maintaining their cars. Yet that way of life is largely a thing of the past, much to the dismay of employers. The current focus on advanced technologies and high-end skills is crucial and necessary, but you cannot overlook the need for basic skills, such as the ability to install bearings, lubricate machine slides, or align couplings.

basic assembly skill
Tightening a Fastener Using a Wrench and a Backup Wrench.

Production managers recognize that these skills are the foundation for a company’s economic and technological progress, and whatever advancements occur; basic assembly skills will remain invaluable to manufacturing. Thus, even in the age of technology, it is crucial to consider the importance of basic skills and identify any gaps in your workers’ training so that those needs can be addressed.

Building a skilled labor force is a powerful element of economic development.

Years of technology advancements have led to sophisticated manufacturing technology and yet basic skills remain as important as ever. Indeed, it’s important to remember that though advanced technologies require highly trained technicians, such technologies also necessitate more fundamental skills that must also be learned and practiced to gain proficiency. For example, though automobiles in this day and age are so advanced that most people can no longer perform routine maintenance, their construction would not be possible without basic assembly skills.

While designing and configuring automobiles’ sophisticated electronic systems requires highly trained technicians and engineers, the car’s components must still be mounted and its wiring harnesses properly routed to ensure that system failures do not occur.  For complex technologies to continue to evolve they are dependent on fundamental assembly skills, as general as understanding the importance of tightening the nut on a bolt and not the bolt’s head. No matter how well a company designs its products, improper assembly will lead to its premature failure once placed in service. So, though these skills are commonly referred to as “basic,” they cannot be taken lightly.

Take a hard look at your organization. Do your employees have the necessary skills to drive your business success forward? It is not uncommon, given the current pool of available workers, for production managers to find themselves with technicians who have advanced technical proficiency, but lack familiarity with the basics, such as how to properly torque the bolt pattern on a machine flange, how to route and connect wiring harnesses, or how to properly install pump systems. The importance of these basic skills cannot be overstated when something as small as a missing or improperly installed O-ring can result in a catastrophic machine failure.

Companies like Michelin, GE, DuPont, Northrop Grumman, and Hewlett-Packard, which greatly emphasize the technological side of manufacturing, still recognize the need to ensure a supply of workers with basic assembly skills to carry their companies into the future. To that end, many companies are increasingly incorporating assembly training programs into their own training centers, as well as supporting these programs in local educational institutions.

Earlier this year, GE Appliances in Louisville, KY and Amatrol, a provider of interactive technical learning, (ADVANCETECH is an authorized distributor of Amatrol in India) donated approximately $150,000 in equipment, curriculum, and training to two local high schools to promote career readiness in the area of manufacturing.

GE Appliances CEO and President Chip Blankenship recently said that GE Appliances has added 3,000 manufacturing jobs since 2010 and that finding, training, and keeping production employees is becoming increasingly difficult.

GE Amatrol Basic Skills
From Left: GE Appliances CEO Chip Blankenship, Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer, Jefferson County Public School Superintendent Donna Hargens, Jeffersontown High School Principal Matt Kingsley, and Amatrol CEO Paul Perkins During Donation Ceremony

Indeed, with basic skills training simply not widely available enough, various Fortune 500 company executives have frankly expressed concern about finding enough skilled assembly workers to fill their needs. Whatever advancements the future holds, production facilities will continue to need individuals who have a wide range of basic assembly skills and those individuals will always be indispensable. So, while the kid who learned such skills at home may be a thing of the past, the necessity of those skills is stronger than ever, despite ever-evolving technology.

About Amatrol

Amatrol is the world’s leader in skills-based, interactive technical learning. The company’s comprehensive learning solutions range from engaging high school students in the learning of basic science and math to teaching hands-on skills in the latest, highly sophisticated motor drives. The company’s interactivity, both in equipment and computer-based learning solutions, integrated with strong alignment to industry needs is what makes Amatrol the industry’s leading technical education provider.

For more information about How ADVANCETECH and Amatrol helps your company to shorten the gap between your employees and basic training skills, visit

Call Us Now: 022 6729 1000

Toll Free: 1-800 1212 515

From the article, “Companies Struggle to find Employees with Basic Assembly Skills”: IMPO (Industrial Maintenance & Plant Operation)